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The Definitive Physiotherapy Guide: All There Is to Know

Dec 11, 2022

As we age, our bodies experience a number of physiological changes. Age-related issues such as decreased bone density, diminished muscle strength, loss of coordination, shoulder pain, and tighter joints are inescapable. In fact, the mobility and stability of older adults can be affected by such natural aging processes, increasing their risk of falling and breaking bones. Nevertheless, one shouldn’t consider this a natural facet of getting old.

The repercussions of aging on our bodies and lives cannot be reversed, but they can be at least somewhat mitigated with physiotherapy treatments. Physical therapy, however, has indeed been proven to help the elderly through the healing process and maintain physical activity to maintain overall wellness, functional abilities, and independence.

What Is Physiotherapy?

In general, when somebody suffers from an injury, disease, or disability, physiotherapy aids in regaining movement and function. In actuality, it is focused on determining and optimizing the standard of living and motion potential only within realms of advancement, preventative measures, treatment, intervention, and rehabilitation programs. Additionally, while accounting for variances in health state, it uses physical ways to develop, maintain, and recover physical, mental, and social wellness. In contrast to chronic disease management, which eventually lowers one’s potential for damage or disease in the foreseeable future, such a comprehensive approach actively engages the patients in their own care.

What Does A Physical Therapist Do?

Physiotherapists are recognized as allied health professionals with a thorough understanding of how the body functions and specialized hands-on diagnostic and therapeutic skills to evaluate, diagnose, and cure impairment and injury. Physical therapists also treat ailments that influence the bones, muscles, heart, and nervous system, as well as other parts and body systems. They could even help individuals with chronic diseases by advising on healthy lifestyle choices, prescribing tools and programs to help patients effectively manage their conditions, and giving consultations.

Also, a physiotherapist would first evaluate your overall health status and wellness. Educated to identify the underlying causes of injuries and other circumstances, they will then decide what movement patterns and exercises patients should indeed do to speed up the recovery. They will take into account a variety of factors, which would include one’s unique needs, medical history, and level of mobility.

What Are the Physiotherapist Techniques?

Physiotherapists may help manage movement and functionality conditions using a variety of approaches, including shockwave therapy, manual therapy, movement and exercise, sports massage therapy, hydrotherapy, pediatric physiotherapy, and injury management.

Physiotherapists frequently employ the following techniques and strategies for treatment:

Shockwave Therapy

Shockwave therapy is predominantly regarded as a non-invasive procedure that involves producing a sequence of low-energy acoustic wave pulsations and applying them directly to an injury sustained through a patient’s skin using a gel medium. Energy is transmitted into the tissue when physiotherapists employ shockwave therapy, causing microscopic wounds and acute or controlled stress in the tissue. These minute adjustments encourage the growth of new blood vessels and trigger the body’s natural healing processes.

Manual Therapy

In contrast to utilizing a machine, manual therapy is a specialized form of physical therapy that is regarded as helpful in the treatment of pain and damage. Treatment options include passive movements of the affected joint in particular directions and at different speeds to aid in regaining movement. Although these are actions carried out by others, patients still have control over them because they can pause them at any time by clenching their muscles.

Another method is manipulation, which involves applying a passive, high-velocity, low-amplitude pressure to a joint within its own anatomical range in order to regain its ideal range of motion, and function, and relieve pain. Even so, compares favorably to physiotherapists, orthopedists and chiropractors encounter this far more frequently.

Movement and Exercise

Following a thorough evaluation and diagnosis, the physiotherapist may recommend a series of physical activities that patients can safely perform at home in order to boost their joints’ range of motion, build muscle, and enhance their strength and balance. Such an approach can aid in treating chronic problems along with injury prevention and rehabilitation.

Sports Massage Therapy

Sports massage, generally, is a type of manual muscular manipulation designed especially to benefit those with physically demanding jobs and activities. Such a type of therapeutic massage takes into account how certain activities affect particular joints, tendons, muscles, and ligaments.  The deliberate emphasis on sports massage treatment optimizes the advantages of specific massages for treating sports injuries and promoting additional physical fitness.


Exercises performed in a warm shallow pool of water that is between 33 and 36 degrees Celsius are renowned as hydrotherapy. Patients can engage in workouts with hydrotherapy that they would not be allowed to do without putting too much stress on their joints when performing them on land, particularly those with arthritis. 

Who Are in Need of Physiotherapy?

Further beyond musculoskeletal problems, physical therapy can also aid in managing chronic illnesses like asthma, getting ready for a tournament, or even giving birth.

Consider physiotherapy if your usual routines aren’t being interfered with by an injury or physical discomfort. You should visit a physiotherapy clinic right away if your discomfort is persistent, limited to a particular activity, and not getting better.

How Does Physiotherapy Help Recovery?

Resting excessively after the body has recuperated, though, might have the opposite effect and cause the repaired tissue to stiffen up. When we resume our old activities, the chance of re-injury and severe pain may increase due to weak or unbalanced muscles.

Exercise and physical activity are essential for preserving proper functioning, especially for older people who are much more vulnerable to comorbidities and diseases like osteopenia, osteoporosis, and sarcopenia. Decreased mobility, functional mobility, aerobic fitness, unstable balance, and depression are frequently linked to decreased physical exercise. As the activity grows increasingly difficult and tedious, it could start a destructive cycle, making physiotherapy the best course of action.

Why Home Physiotherapy? Is It Safe?

Prior to actually starting the treatment, physiotherapists will carefully evaluate your senior loved one to make absolutely sure they are in prime condition to exercise. Before creating a customized program, they will also go over requirements and establish goals. If your elderly feel any discomfort at any moment, they will make sure to analyze the situation and stop the activity if needed.

In contrast with physio clinics, the majority of exercises could still be done safely and just as efficiently at home even when the equipment used in healthcare facilities may not be readily available. Several exercises can even be done with ordinary items like chairs and plastic bottles, and many exercises might not even need any special equipment.

Others who find it difficult or inconvenient to travel to clinics can now receive the care they require in the convenience of their own home thanks to the alternative of home physiotherapy.

How Often Should I Get Physiotherapy?

Identifying the needs and objectives is just as crucial as the intensity and early phases of rehabilitation. It would be advantageous to have a physiotherapist evaluate you before prescribing you a program because it varies from person to person.

Similarly to this, you can cut back on your physiotherapy sessions if you are healing well and progressing. Alternatively, if you need more time and specialized attention, you can ask to have more frequent sessions in order to improve your level of autonomy and accomplish your own objectives.

Treat Your Physiotherapy Needs Through Retire Genie

Not all forms of physical therapy are best for your senior relatives; therefore, they must undergo a complete evaluation with their physiotherapists to ascertain which rehab programs would improve their overall health. Finding the roots of chronic pain will assist elderly folk to choose the best physiotherapy treatment and pain relief medications.

As with the finest physiotherapy clinics in Singapore, Retire Genie emphasizes valuable patient care through the accessibility of top-notch equipment, with the distinction that we help in providing care in every home.

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